are how one shot changes to the next shot in the finished film. The main transitions used are:

Cut: in the finished film, an instantaneous change from one framing to another.

Dissolve: a transition between two shots during which the first image gradually disappears and the second appears; for a moment the two images blend in superimposition.

Fade: a fade-in is when a black screen gradually brightens as a shot appears. A fade-out is when a shot gradually darkens as the screen goes black. Occasionally fades-outs brighten to white or a colour.

Angle of framing is the position of the frame in relation to the subject it shows.

HA – High angle: above the subject looking down.
LA – Low angle: below the subject looking up.
EL – Eye level: horizontal, on the same level.