The composition of the shot is also called mise-en-scene. Mise-en-scene is all the elements placed in front of the camera to be photographed: the settings and props, lighting, costumes and make-up, and figure behaviour.
Framing or camera movement takes in different parts of the set, location or action. As the camera moves, the way things appear changes, so different meanings are created.
There are three main framings:
Static – the camera and frame remain still for the entire shot.
Canted – a view in which the frame is not level, causing the objects in the scene to appear slanted out of an upright position.
Mobile – when the frame moves of changes position by use of one of the following techniques:
- Pan: the camera moves either to the left or the right in the horizontal plane.
- Tilt: the camera tilts up or down in the vertical plane.
- Zoom: the camera changes the focal length to bring the subject closer or move it further away.
- Track: to physically alter the position of the camera in the horizontal plane, either hand-held or on tracks (sometime called a dolly).