THE ELEMENTS OF FILM

Film-making is a very complex procedure; it uses large numbers of people, equipment and skills. These requirements have simplified into the following areas: key personnel, materials and techniques and processes.


KEY PERSONNEL

Some key personnel involved in the making of a film are:

The writer comes up with, or develops, an idea and writes a screenplay. Sometimes this is based on an existing novel or play. It usually includes not only description and dialogue but also the way in which it should be filmed.

The producer has to find the finance to fund the film, and select the people to make the film. They are responsible for overseeing the film from initial idea until final completion and sale.

The director directs the actors and crew. The director decides how scenes will be shot, how the actors will perform, and co-ordinates all the teams which make up the production crew.

The production manager looks after the day-to-day running of the complex organization to make a film, and ensures that the film does not exceed its budget. This involves making sure that all the people, equipment, sets, costumes and so on are available when needed.

The director of photography (often called DOP or cinematographer) is responsible for the way the image is recorded on film. The DOP decides on lighting, exposure, shot composition and filters.

The production designer is the head of the team that designs and equips the sets, wardrobe, props, vehicles and make-up.

The sound recordist is responsible for recording all sound including dialogue and sound effects.

The sound editor and mixer adds music and sound effects to the sound recorded on the set.

The editor is in charge of putting together all the pieces of film, including dialogue and sound, into a meaningful whole.

Other people needed to create a film include: first assistant director, art director, continuity editor, best boy, grip, clapper loader, boom operator, gaffer, neg matcher, props buyer, set dresser and stunt co-ordinator.